Hans Neisser, “The Phenomenological Approach in Social Science” 

The term “phenomenology”is today used in at least two undoubtedly different meanings – always disregarding Hegel’s Phenomenology of the Mind to which I have not devoted times sufficient for understanding it. One of the modern meanings of the term is the sense which it acquired in the work of the German philosopher Husserl; some application to social science has been undertaken by his school – not all with the master’s full approval.T he same term “phenomenology”a ppearsi n such publications as Van der Leeuv’s Phenomenology of Religion. What is aimed at in this book, and in similar work, is to refrain from any causal explanations of
the phenomena observed – to limit the observation to mere description. Here, I can only touch lightly on this type of empirical phenomenology as I may call it; my time will be mostly devoted to Husserl’s philosophical phenomenology.

Source: The Antioch Review 20.2 (Dec 1959): 198-212

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Kurt Riezler, “The Historian and Truth,”

History is a science. It seeks the “truth.” But science is in quest of laws; history is content with describing the particular. What kind of particular? What is in the particular?

To the historian the truth of a description means in practice its concordance with a kind of reality, the “historical reality.” To him the problem of truth is the problem of this historical reality and its specific character. To him this question is independent from and prior to the other problem-how to verify the truth.

Source: The Journal of Philosophy 45.14 (1 Jul 1948): 378-388

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Albert Salomon, “Crisis, History and the Image of Man”

In his address at the 200th convocation of the University of Chicago, June 11, 1940, President Hutchins invited American youth to reexamine the principles which make life worth living. This enterprise is most urgently necessary in removing the intellectual unpreparedness of the nation. Far worse than the military and economic deficiencies in equipment and armament are the spiritual
dissensions among the various groups of our time. In the universal conflict those nations will prevail whose unity results from spontaneous and free devotion to values which are recognized as worth living and dying for.

Source: The Review of Politics 2.4 (Oct 1940): 415-437

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Schutz, Alfred. “Concept and Theory Formation in the Social Sciences”

The title of my paper refers intentionally to that of a Symposium held in December, 1952, at the annual meeting of the American Philosophical Association.2 Ernest Nagel and Carl G. Hempel contributed highly stimulating comments on the problem involved, formulated in the careful and lucid way so characteristic of these scholars. Their topic is a controversy which for more than half a century has split not only logicians and methodologists but also social scientists into two schools of thought. One of these holds that the methods of the natural sciences which have brought about such magnificent results are the only scientific ones and that they alone, therefore, have to be applied in their entirety to the study of human affairs. Failure to do so, it has been maintained, prevented the social sciences from developing systems of explanatory theory comparable in precision to those offered by the natural
sciences and makes debatable the empirical work of theories developed in restricted domains such as economics.

Source: The Journal of Philosophy 51.9 (1954): 257-273

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Simons, Hans, “Alvin Johnson at Eighty”

A whole literature of citations, eulogies, testimonials, of addresses, editorials and reviews has grown around the work and record of Alvin Johnson. How can one add anything without being repetitious? When he celebrated his seventy-fifth birthday his friends and admirers seemed to have made the “definitive” appraisal. Then he wrote his Pioneer’s Progress and confounded those who thought they knew him well.

Source: American Journal of Economics and Sociology 14.3 (1955): 303-304

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Hans Speier, “Class Structure and ‘Total War’ ”

Wars are the products of the civilization in which they are waged. Their specific character is dependent upon the specific organization of society in times of peace. Since it is always a society that is at war with another society, any aspect of war is fully intelligible only when it is seen in relation to the given organization of those societies, their technologies and their institutions, their material resources and their morals.

Source: American Sociological Review, Vol. 4, No. 3 (Jun., 1939), pp. 370-380

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Hans Staudinger, “6 Cardinal Virtues of a Nazi: A New Type of Man”

In briefly outlining the educational program of Hitler, it is not our intention to take issue with that program as such. The reader is merely to get an idea what kind of values and virtues Hitler deemed the most desirable in a young German. This scale of virtues amounts to a revaluation of those values that are valid in a humanitarian world.

Source: Hans Staudinger, “The Inner Nazi”, Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University, 1981. 116-124

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Leo Strauss, “Persecution and the Art of Writing”

In a considerable number of countries which, for about a hundred years, have enjoyed a practically complete freedom of public discussion, that freedom is now suppressed and replaced by a compulsion to coordinate speech with such views as the government believes to be expedient, or holds in all seriousness.

Source: Social Research  8.1/4 (Jan 1941): 488-504

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University in Exile, Documents

Category : University in Exile

Source: Rockefeller Archive Center (1934-40)

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University in Exile, 75th Anniversary, TCDS Bulletin (Fall 2008)

Category : University in Exile

The University in Exile’s founding in 1933 as a haven for ousted professors from Nazi Germany was embedded in the earnest democratic tradition of the original New School for Social Research, founded in 1919 in protest of the suppression of free speech at Columbia University. As former New School President Jonathan Fanton describes below, the effort and sacrifices that went into the creation of the University in Exile on the part of both American hosts and furloughed German scholars—inevitably only dimly aware then of the true horrors that were to unfold in Europe—reflected an extraordinarily principled commitment to defending academic freedom.

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Arthur Vidich, “First Years of The New School,” With a Critical Eye: An Intellectual and His Times

I first learned about The New School from Hans Gerth when I was a graduate student at the University of Wisconsin. Gerth, who had joined Wisconsin’s Department of Sociology in 1940, had grown up in Germany during the heyday of Germany’s Weimar culture and had studies with Karl Mannheim in Heidelberg and Frankfurt during the 1920s and early 1930s.

Source:  Knoxville: Newfound Press, 2009: ch. 10

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Arthur Vidich, “The Re-making of the Graduate Faculty,” With a Critical Eye: An Intellectual and His Times

I returned to the New School in fall 1965 to an institution on the verge of momentous changes. Things had begun to shift fundamentally in the very early 1960s. When I joined the Graduate Faculty in 1960, it still exhibited some of the characteristics of German university.

Source:  Knoxville: Newfound Press, 2009 : ch. 12

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